Yet, technology alone is insufficient to achieve long-term TFP gains. A farm management system that utilizes the appropriate agricultural technologies and practices, complemented by the attention to ecosystem services, can realize short-term productivity gains and increase them over time, while strengthening their resilience to weather and economic shocks. 1
Agricultural ecosystems are defined by the plants, water, soil, air, microbes, and animals in and around areas where agricultural activity takes place. The interaction between these elements create benefits, or ecosystem services, that make agriculture more productive, sustainable, and resilient.