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Strengthening the Climate for Sustainable Agricultural Growth
The 2021 GAP Report urges the acceleration of productivity growth at all production scales to meet consumers’ needs and address current and future threats to human and environmental well-being.
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The agricultural productivity imperative
Hear from industry experts about why agricultural productivity can no longer be ignored if we hope to meet the needs of a growing world.
Explore productivity by country
Using the interactive map, survey agricultural productivity across the globe.
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Search our practicable knowledge base
Read the latest from the Harvest 2050 Blog. Find examples of partnerships for productivity from around the world. Explore research by experts in productivity, sustainability, and food security.
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Yield and total factor productivity are ratios of outputs to inputs, but they are not the same, and the distinction matters.
Yield measures output per unit of a single input, for example, the amount of crops grown on a hectare of land. Yields can increase through productivity growth, but they can also increase by applying more inputs, called input intensification. Therefore, an increase in yield may or may not represent improvements in sustainability.
Total factor productivity captures the interaction between multiple agricultural inputs and outputs. (Ortiz-Bobea et al., 2021) TFP growth indicates that more farmers generate more crops, livestock, and aquaculture products with the same amount or less land, labor, fertilizer, feed, machinery, and livestock. As a result, TFP is a powerful metric for evaluating and monitoring the sustainability of agricultural systems.